The start of Christmas: Saint Lucia Day in Sweden

Sweden is known for its rich cultural heritage and unique traditions. One such tradition that holds a special place in the hearts of Swedes is the celebration of Saint Lucia Day. This annual festival, which takes place on December 13th, is a beautiful blend of religious significance, historical roots, and the warmth of community spirit.

The Legend of Saint Lucia:

Saint Lucia, also known as Saint Lucy, was a young Christian martyr who lived during the Roman Empire. Legend has it that Lucia, with a crown of candles on her head to light her way, would bring food to persecuted Christians hiding in the catacombs. Today, she is revered as the patron saint of light, symbolizing hope and the triumph of good over evil.

The Celebration:

In Sweden, Saint Lucia Day is a major cultural event that marks the beginning of the Christmas season. The celebration typically starts early in the morning when the eldest daughter in each household dresses as Saint Lucia in a white gown and a crown of candles or electric lights. She is accompanied by her siblings, who may dress as “star boys” or “tomte” (elves), creating a radiant procession of light.

Schools, workplaces, and communities organize Lucia processions, with participants singing traditional Lucia songs. The most iconic of these songs is the hauntingly beautiful “Sankta Lucia,” which adds a poignant touch to the festivities. The melodies and candlelit processions evoke a sense of warmth and togetherness, making it a cherished moment for families and friends.

Culinary Delights:

No Swedish celebration is complete without delicious treats, and Saint Lucia Day is no exception. Traditional saffron buns, known as “lussekatter” or “Lucia buns,” are baked and enjoyed during this festive time. These golden pastries, flavored with saffron and adorned with raisins, are a delightful accompaniment to the celebrations, symbolizing the light and warmth of the season.

Community Involvement:

One of the most heartwarming aspects of Saint Lucia Day in Sweden is the sense of community it fosters. Schools, churches, and various organizations come together to organize Lucia processions, creating a shared experience that transcends generations. The celebration is not limited to any specific religious or cultural group, making it an inclusive and unifying event for people of all backgrounds.


Saint Lucia Day in Sweden is a magical celebration that beautifully encapsulates the spirit of the holiday season. With its roots in history, religious significance, and a strong sense of community, the tradition continues to thrive, bringing light and joy to the dark winter days. As Swedes gather to celebrate Saint Lucia, they not only honor a centuries-old legend but also create enduring memories that illuminate the path to a festive and harmonious Christmas season.

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